The Cornham in Scotland, origin and history

The Cornham in Scotland

One of the musical instruments that have most penetrated in the Scottish culture is the Cornamusa, an instrument of wind whose invention is lost in the times of the Ancient Rome. Very similar to the Cromorno is a double-reed instrument and is commonly confused with the traditional bagpipe, due to its similar operation.

In the times of the Roman Empire, cleat was popularly used by shepherds, both in Europe and in the westernmost part of Asia, having derived its models over time, depending on the region in which we find ourselves: North Africa, Western Asia , Eastern Europe … Those used in Western Europe differ in that they use conical section caramels, and have in common with them the use of double single tongue, which can give scales of 9 notes.

The model that we can find in Scotland is the so-called Highland, and they are conserved copies of these musical instruments of more than 600 years of antiquity, differing from the present ones in that they did not own the bordón. On the other hand, in Ireland a much more elaborate model is used, that includes a bellows and nine keys closed.

The operation of a cleat is quite simple, the performer must blow through a conduit called windbreaker, from where the air is transported to the bottle, the characteristic bag. Due to the continuous flow of air, between the one that enters and the one that comes out of the wineskin at will, notes of very long duration can be obtained, that they are adorned with very short ones, like “trinos”, and that produce those sounds so Typical of the highlands of Scotland.

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